See Also: Adelaide | Byron Bay | Canberra | Darwin | Hobart | New Zealand | Perth | Fiji | Pacific Islands | Vanuatu


Sydney, Australia’s largest and oldest city, is located within a coastal basin that of which is bordered by the Blue Mountains over to the west, the Pacific Ocean over to the east, the Woronora Plateau over to the south and the Hawkesbury River over to the north. The country’s oldest city sprawls across two separate regions – the Hornsby Plateau and the Cumberland Plain.

The geography and environment of Sydney simply add to the beauty and mystique it has to offer its residents and visitors.

Sydney Environment

While Australia as a whole may be known for its mountains, desert and tropics, Sydney is mostly known for its seaport and commercial state of environment. Sydney itself is actually one of the world’s leading seaports. Much of the city’s prosperity is due largely in part to several busy cargo terminals lined down the downtown waterfront. These several industries generally yield products like equipment for transportation, petroleum products, electrical machinery, chemicals, paper and wood products, as well as processed foods.

Downtown Sydney is filled with towering skyscrapers made of steel and glass. It unfortunately retains a mere hint of its old Victorian atmosphere which had marked its location prior to the events of the second World War; however, the city still makes it its own. The Opera House boasts the most pride of the other buildings, jutting into the harbour and being a national landmark. Other such notable 19th Century buildings include the Government House, the Parliament House, the Town Hall, as well as the Anglican and Roman Catholic cathedrals.

However, not all of Sydney is a largely commercial and industrial zone; it also retains its cultural roots with its several museums, such as the Australian Museum. The Australian Museum, as the name implies, is devoted to exhibiting Australia’s natural history. Sydney also is home to several other cultural bits, such as the Sydney Symphony Orchestra and the Australian Opera.

Sydney contains the third largest urban agglomeration in the world, falling short only to Brazil and Tokyo.

Sydney Tourism

We would like to extend a big thankyou to Sydney Accommodation who provided us with our outstanding Sydney Hotels during our research study excursion to Sydney.

Sydney Climate

Sydney offers a temperate climate, meaning it has a tendency to provide warm summers as well as cool winters, with rainfall occurring throughout the year. This weather is made possible due to its close proximity with the Pacific Ocean, whereas more extreme temperatures tend to occur on the inland located in the western suburbs.

Winters rarely result in temperatures below 5º C where summers rarely result in temperatures above 30º C. Rainfall is generally pretty well spread out evenly over summers and winters both, with the threat of snowfall nearly nonexistent. In fact, the most recent occurrence of snowfall in the Sydney area was back in 1836. However, it is also quite prone to hailstorms.

Flash flooding can also be a very real threat to Australians living in Sydney. The threat comes from the East Coast Lows – a low pressure depression which has a tendency to cause damages due to heavy rain, huge swells as well as cyclonic winds. Perhaps the most notable occurrence of such a flash flood was back on 6 August 1986, when 327.6 mm of rain flooded the streets of Sydney within a 24 hour time period. This caused several problems, including traffic flow disruption as well as serious damage to several metropolitan buildings in the area.